Why host a Games?
These Games are truly a chance to remember our past, renew our present as we emerge from the pandemic, and reimagine our future as a nation that holds Truth and Reconciliation, sustainability and our physical and mental health as paramount. It’s an incredible opportunity to build on the success of 2010, maintain key infrastructure that affects the health and wellbeing of millions of British Columbians and Canadians, revitalizing the tourism industry and local economy affected by the pandemic, and, accelerate reconciliation by undertaking a process that respects Indigenous protocols from day one and that can serve as an example globally of how to host a modern, sustainable, global event.
What does Indigenous-led mean?
By inviting the COC and CPC and the City of Vancouver and Resort Municipality of Whistler governments onto their land and into the conversation, the Lil'wat, Musqueam, Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh Nations set the operating terms and have governance-level oversight over every stage of the project. We are proud to be following Indigenous protocols and the values of respect, inclusivity, and community throughout every step of the process. This respects the Nations, their protocols, and their territories as it implements the priorities and principles outlined in TRC91, DRIPA and UNDRIP.
How does being Indigenous-led change the process at an operational level?
In 2010 the Four Host First Nations were invited into the process after it commenced and advanced. Now they’re a part of it from the start and they have set the terms and values by which the work will be done. At a day-to-day level this means that, with the permission of the Nations, the COC has engaged a group of experts in the region to do the necessary research and technical assessments to determine the feasibility of a future Games. As it has been determined that a feasible future Games concept exists in BC, the potential concept is currently being put forward and all the partners – the four Nations, municipal, provincial and federal governments, community stakeholders, and the COC and CPC - are reviewing it and engaging with community members. All partners will review and assess before advancing the project into an official bid.
What do Indigenous-led Olympic and Paralympic Games look like?
That answer will be shaped by the discussions happening during the Engagement Phase, but all partners believe that it begins with values. These Games will be a living, breathing example of what happens when partners come together to do things the right way. With a clear vision, values create the space for how people will act. The Indigenous values of community, respect and inclusion are at the center of this and align with the new Olympic motto of faster, higher, stronger, together, and the Paralympic values of courage, determination, inspiration and equality. Together we can create a Games that will change Canada and the world for the better.
How can these Games impact Reconciliation?
We believe these Games can be a positive force for reconciliation. Together we intend to identify, measure and support the movement of reconciliation to make a stronger Canada. Once we identify what can happen, which is the impact and legacy work, then we want to measure and support those initiatives that are happening currently through specific actions. These Games will be a living, breathing example of what happens when partners come together to do things the right way.
Who is in charge of the Games Organizing Committee?
Should Canada bid for and be awarded the 2030 Games, a legal entity called the Organizing Committee for the 2030 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games will be formed. As with VANOC, all signatories to the Multi-Party Agreement will have representation on the Board of Directors. The make-up of the Board is established as part of Multi-Party Agreement discussions.
Financial Estimates FAQ
Who pays for these Olympic and Paralympic Games?
Feasibility and Bid Work
The feasibility and potential bid work is being done under the leadership of the Lil ̓ ’wat7úl (Lilwat), xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam), Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw (Squamish) and səlilwətaɬ (Tsleil-Waututh) Nations (Four Host First Nations), and is 100% privately funded by the Canadian Olympic and Paralympic Committees.
The Organizing Committee ($2.5-$2.8B) would be 100% privately funded, through a direct contribution from the International Olympic Committee (broadcast rights and international sponsors); domestic sponsors; ticket sales; merchandise sales; and licensing rights. The majority of the funding comes from outside of British Columbia and is spent in the region. It is only available if the Games are held.
The proposed 2030 Games capital plan is focused on improving and extending the life of existing venues. This would be publicly funded. Based on the Federal Policy for hosting international sport events, the Federal Government will contribute up to 50% of the total public sector contribution.
The joint Provincial and Municipal governments’ share of venue upgrades would be $150-188M total over five years, or $30-38M per year. For perspective, the Vancouver Convention Centre and the PNE, only two of the 17 venues in the Games concept, together bring in over $550M in economic impact every year, as noted in their annual reports.
More than 1000 housing units will be built in the form of three Athletes’ Villages and legacy housing for First Nations. The joint Provincial and Municipal governments’ share of the contribution payments would be $83-135M (50% of $165-267M), or $17-27M per year.
The remainder of the development costs for the Villages would be borne by private developers in Vancouver (MST Development Corp, a partnership of the Musqueam Indian Band, Squamish Nation and Tsleil-Waututh Nation) and Sun Peaks. The developer of buildings for the Whistler Athletes’ Village is still being discussed.
The 2030 Games Concept does not require major infrastructure projects. For example, a potential SkyTrain Extension to UBC is not required, nor contemplated for use by 2030 Games athletes, officials, etc. Likewise, no upgrades are required to the Coquihalla or Sea to Sky Highways.
How will the municipal financial contributions be determined?
The Province of BC has stated it is looking for all parties to share in the benefits, legacies, costs and risks of planning and delivery the Games but has not set a required amount. The funding share of the capital program above will be discussed as part of the Multi-Party Agreement, which lays out the commitments from each party as well as legacies and other elements around hosting the Games.
It is necessary that all parties now engage in open and collaborative, but still non-committal dialogue on the Multi-Party Agreement. We need to be in the canoe together to move forward. This is the process needed to obtain clarification from all parties on contributions and indemnities.
Essential services are those services the municipalities provide regularly for events: the Celebration of Light, Vancouver Pride Festival, the Grey Cup, HSBC Rugby Sevens, and large events at BC Place and Rogers Arena. The difference for a 2030 Games would be the scale and duration of the event. The City of Vancouver reported $22M (current 2022 dollars) in essential services for the Vancouver 2010 Games ($17.6M in past dollars). In 2010 these costs were primarily covered by the provincial government. The province has not ruled out a contribution for 2030 but has cautioned it should not be assumed.
The City of Vancouver spent an additional $8.7M (current 2022 dollars) for the Games Office to manage city planning and delivery with respect to the Games ($6.9M past dollars). This included the City managing a live site, building a competition venue and a village – none of which are part of the 2030 Games concept. Hastings Park will serve as the live site and as that is within the Games footprint it will be covered by the Organizing Committee.
RMOW reported $3.5M (current 2022 dollars) in essential services for 2010 ($2.8M in past dollars) plus $2.5M (current 2022 dollars) for the Games Office to manage city planning and delivery ($2M in past dollars).
For context, according to a PricewaterhouseCoopers study on Vancouver 2010:
• During the first three months of 2010, hotel revenues were $130 million higher than they would normally be in Vancouver and Whistler, BC, at that time of year.
• Revenue from restaurants and bars was up $129 million in the same time frame.
Did the municipalities contribute more than essential services in 2010?
Yes. Both municipalities used the profile and opportunity of the 2010 Games to attract significant additional funding from sponsors and governments to achieve additional priorities outside of Games requirements.
The City of Vancouver leveraged the 2010 Games to upgrade the Queen Elizabeth Theatre, Vancouver Playhouse and Orpheum Theatres. It built the Olympic Streetcar Demonstration Line and strengthened the Granville Bridge; it invested in public art, renovated City Hall and upgraded the Planetarium roof, among other projects.
The Resort Municipality of Whistler leveraged the 2010 Games to showcase Whistler, implement initiatives of its Carbon Management Program, create a public art program, hold celebrations and create a Neighbourhood of Nations.
Is there sufficient time for cost-benefit analyses?
There are seven months (August 2022 to February 2023) before the bid would be submitted which gives ample time for funding partners to complete cost-benefit analyses of the 2030 project, beyond the preliminary benefits analysis completed based on the literature review of 2010 impacts.
Is it possible to negotiate a Multi-Party Agreement in 7 months?
Yes. The preparatory work would take place at the staff level of all partners from August to November 2022 (4 months) with the negotiation between parties taking place between December 2022 and February 2023 (3 months).
Working together at the staff and executive levels over the coming 7 months would be a significant, tangible example of reconciliation in action, following the commitments made in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act (Federal), the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act (Provincial), and with Vancouver as a City of Reconciliation and RMOW as a party commitment to reconciliation.
It should be noted that the Multi-Party Agreement is a domestic precedent set during the Vancouver 2010 bidding process. It is not a requirement to bid internationally.
What about other contractual requirements?
There are two Venue Use Guarantees that the City of Vancouver would be involved in negotiating: Hastings Park and the PNE are one and training venues is the second. The process for all Venue Use Guarantees is on track to be completed by December 2022 and is being led by the 2030 Feasibility Team.
The majority of other guarantees as part of the bid submission will be completed by January 2023. The more complex guarantees are negotiated with the IOC as needed should Canada be invited into targeted dialogue in December 2022, with target completion at the end of March 2023.
These guarantees relate only to the Games concept as proposed. Should the IOC change terms and require additional criteria outside the agreed concept, the IOC has committed to cover the incremental costs.
The Olympic Host Contract is not signed until the Games have been awarded.
What public engagement has taken place to date? (July 18, 2022)
Following the Indigenous way, engagement is a process of respectful and inclusive exchange and has taken numerous forms over the past month. Through 16 engagement events held thus far (open houses, pop-up booths, workshops) both in-person or virtually, we have had direct conversations with more than 2,200 people across the Vancouver and Whistler region. We also are engaging with the public via gamesengagement.ca and engagementjeux.ca, and to date over 1,500 people have completed the community engagement survey.
What about issues such as temporary displacement of housing
Housing is a major issue for our communities and the proposed investment in villages and legacy housing reflected in the capital plan supports our commitment to this challenge. In addition, we have the benefit of the experience from the 2010 Games. We can build on the successes but more importantly learn from the challenges and what did not work well. Working with affected communities, we can be deliberate in putting in place measures to address these issues.